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Indeed all the institutions for the establishment of peace and the promotion of mutual help among men, however perfect these may seem, have the principal foundation of their stability in the mutual bond of minds and hearts whereby the members are united with one another. Encyclical, Immortale Dei, Nov. 1, 1885. Accordingly, twin rocks of shipwreck must be carefully avoided. ThomasK. Share. XVI-335; ed. If the members of the body social are, as was said, reconstituted, and if the directing principle of economic-social life is restored, it will be possible to say in a certain sense even of this body what the Apostle says of the mystical body of Christ: “The whole body (being closely joined and knit together through every joint of the system according to the functioning in due measure of each single part) derives its increase to the building up of itself in love.”[52]. (Quadragesimo Anno, n. 117) The important distinction made by Pope Pius XI is that even if Socialism is modified to “truth and justice on the points” of error, it “cannot be reconciled with the teachings of the Catholic Church.” Socialism is inherently broken and motivated by covetousness. Under these conditions, Catholics seem almost forced to join secular labor unions. 27. On the contrary, not only did the obedient children of the Church hearken to it with marveling admiration and hail it with the greatest applause, but many also who were wandering far from the truth, from the unity of the faith, and nearly all who since then either in private study or in enacting legislation have concerned themselves with the social and economic question. Therefore, those in power should be sure that the more perfectly a graduated order is kept among the various associations, in observance of the principle of “subsidiary function,” the stronger social authority and effectiveness will be the happier and more prosperous the condition of the State. 78. Rightly, therefore, have all these groups constantly held the Apostolic Encyclical from that time in such high honor that to signify their gratitude they are wont, in various places and in various ways, to commemorate it every year. 109. It is the Church, again, that strives not only to instruct the mind, but to regulate by her precepts the life and morals of individuals, and that ameliorates the condition of the workers through her numerous and beneficent institutions ”, 18. The Church can be credited with participating in the progress made and contributing to it. The Encyclical itself, whose anniversary we are celebrating, is clearest proof that it is the height of injustice to hurl these calumnies and reproaches at the Church and her teaching. Labor, as Our Predecessor explained well in his Encyclical,[48] is not a mere commodity. And whenever they undertake to attack the Church of Christ more violently, We see them put aside their internal quarrels, assembling in fully harmony in a single battle line with a completely united effort, and work to achieve their common purpose. 149. Encyclical, On the Condition of Workers, 41. Encyclical, On the Condition of Workers, 14. Encyclical, On the Condition of Workers, 4. 22. 118. Encyclical, Mens Nostra, Dec. 20, 1929. May they lend ready ears to Our voice, may they return whence they have left, to the home that is truly their Father’s, and may they stand firm there where their own place is, in the ranks of those who, zealously following the admonitions which Leo promulgated and We have solemnly repeated, are striving to restore society according to the mind of the Church on the firmly established basis of social justice and social charity. And may these free organizations, now flourishing and rejoicing in their salutary fruits, set before themselves the task of preparing the way, in conformity with the mind of Christian social teaching, for those larger and more important guilds, Industries and Professions, which We mentioned before, and make every possible effort to bring them to realization. 35. What the Lord requires of us is this: “to act justly, to love tenderly, and to … 99. 2. Hence no small part of the credit must, it seems, be given to this same Encyclical of Leo for the fact that among farmers and others of the middle class most useful associations of this kind are seen flourishing to a notable degree and increasing day by day, as well as other institutions of a similar nature in which spiritual development and economic benefit are happily combined. 3. . The wise Pontiff long weighed all this in his mind before God; he summoned the most experienced and learned to counsel; he pondered the issues carefully and from every angle. Cf. Encyclical, On the Condition of Workers, 24-25. 50. A unique edition of Pope Pius XI's encyclical Quadragesimo Anno, On the Reconstruction of the Social Order. Relationship between employees and employers should be based on truth, justice, love, and respect to the individual's inalienable rights. And many bishops have done the same, who in their continual and able interpretation of this same teaching have illustrated it with commentaries and in accordance with the mind and instructions of the Holy See provided for its application to the conditions and institutions of diverse regions.[17]. It is obvious that, as in the case of ownership, so in the case of work, especially work hired out to others, there is a social aspect also to be considered in addition to the personal or individual aspect. This is to the great harm of the State itself; for, with a structure of social governance lost, and with the taking over of all the burdens which the wrecked associations once bore. The Encyclical On the Condition of Workers, without question, has become a memorable document and rightly to it may be applied the words of Isaias: “He shall set up a standard to the nations.”[18]. There remains to Us, after again calling to judgment the economic system now in force and its most bitter accuser, Socialism, and passing explicit and just sentence upon them, to search out more thoroughly the root of these many evils and to point out that the first and most necessary remedy is a reform of morals. 23. But if this cannot always be done under existing circumstances, social justice demands that changes be introduced as soon as possible whereby such a wage will be assured to every adult workingman. For there was a social order once which, although indeed not perfect or in all respects ideal, nevertheless, met in a certain measure the requirements of right reason, considering the conditions and needs of the time. Socialism, against which Our Predecessor, Leo XIII, had especially to inveigh, has since his time changed no less profoundly than the form of economic life. And therefore, to the harassed workers there have come “intellectuals,” as they are called, setting up in opposition to a fictitious law the equally fictitious moral principle that all products and profits, save only enough to repair and renew capital, belong by very right to the workers. From Quadragesimo Anno (1931) - Pope Pius XI Paragraph 4: THOSE WHO THOUGHT IT IN THEIR ABUNDANT RICHES THE RESULT OF INEVITABLE ECONOMIC LAWS AND ACCORDINGLY, AS IF IT WERE FOR CHARITY TO VEIL THE VIOLATION OF JUSTICE WHICH LAWMAKERS NOT ONLY TOLERATED BUT AT TIMES SANCTIONED, WANTED THE WHOLE CARE OF SUPPORTING THE POOR … Let them not, however, lose heart; to face bitter combats is a mark of Christians, and to endure grave labors to the end is a mark of them who, as good soldiers of Christ,[76] follow Him closely. Socialism is, they say, the Gospel of Envy. First, so as to avoid the reefs of individualism and collectivism. For they are greatly in error who do not hesitate to spread the principle that labor is worth and must be paid as much as its products are worth, and that consequently the one who hires out his labor has the right to demand all that is produced through his labor. The teaching of Leo XIII on the form of political government, namely, that men are free to choose whatever form they please, provided that proper regard is had for the requirements of justice and of the common good, is equally applicable in due proportion, it is hardly necessary to say, to the guilds of the various industries and professions.[50]. Although We, therefore, deem it superfluous to warn upright and faithful children of the Church regarding the impious and iniquitous character of Communism, yet We cannot without deep sorrow contemplate the heedlessness of those who apparently make light of these impending dangers, and with sluggish inertia allow the widespread propagation of doctrine which seeks by violence and slaughter to destroy society altogether. Concerned with salvation and May change in different places and times Novarum, ” commemorating fortieth..., May 15, 1891, 3 eNotes Editorial CAPTCHA proves you are a human and you. 553 A.D. Third Council of Constantinople: 680-681 A. D. Fourth Council of Constantinople 680-681. Brethren and Beloved Children, Health and Apostolic Benediction achieved much more easily than seems at. On household duties, should work primarily in the home or in its immediate vicinity the! Italian Catholic Action, May 15, 1891, 3 a true and effective directing principle bought sold! 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